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Best Practices For Improving First Contact Resolution Rate

Learn how to define, calculate and improve first contact resolution (FCR) using some proven best practices. SQM shares insightful benchmarking data to help you understand why the benefits of FCR improvement are worth overcoming the common challenges that contact centers face on their customer experience improvement journey. 

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Distinction Between First Call Resolution and First Contact Resolution

The distinction is that first contact resolution is defined as a customer’s resolution of their inquiry in their first attempt within a contact channel, regardless of which channel they are in (e.g., email, web, call center, chat, etc.). First call resolution is very similar to first contact resolution in that it focuses on a customer’s resolution in their first attempt in a contact channel, but the contact channel is specifically the phone channel (i.e., call center). Put simply, first call resolution is a type of first contact resolution that occurs in the call center  contact channel.

A hand holding a phone with contact channel icons coming from it.

Best Practices That Improve First Contact Resolution

Each company has its own unique goals and measurement needs which is why there is no “one size fits all” improvement formula. Rather, SQM has developed 17 Best Practices to help companies improve First Contact Resolution.

First Contact Resolution Best Practices are based on SQM conducting customer and employee research with over 500 leading North American contact centers to identify who has world class or improving FCR performance. SQM was the first company to develop and popularize the FCR metric for the contact center industry. We are the industry leader for measuring and understanding FCR best practices because we wrote the book on it (seriously, we have written 5 books on FCR).


If you think you have a contact center best practice in one of these categories, you can submit a free nomination for one of SQM’s prestigious CX Best Practice Awards.

Best Practice Awards Nomination ▶

How First Contact Resolution Best Practices is Evolving

CSR Hiring

CSRs are hired based on an assessment of their personality traits and skills in comparison to world class FCR performing CSR personality profiles.

A person looking at a hiring screen

CQA Evaluations

CQA Evaluations include customer survey and call compliance data to fully assess the customer’s experience.

A person evaluating a call center transaction

Service Heroes

CSRs are recognized as Service Heroes for achieving world class FCR and call resolution performance.

People with 5 star ratings

FCR Call Handling

FCR call handling operating motto of “who takes the call, owns the call” to promote the behaviours that positively impact CX.

A call center rep answering a call


CSRs and supervisors are held accountable for contact resolution performance and management is held accountable for FCR performance.

A man in front of a graph


New and existing CSR and supervisor training focuses on how to provide FCR by call type.

People being trained around a desk.

Subject Matter Experts

CSRs can contact subject matter experts in real time, by chat or phone to assist them in resolving calls.

Two people in discussion

Career Advancement

Career advancement is based on FCR and contact resolution performance at all levels (i.e., CSR to SVP).

People following a path with arrows pointing up

Desktop Application

Desktop application is designed to assist CSRs in achieving contact resolution, preferably on the first contact, and does not require a lot of training.

A person at a desktop computer

FCR Improvement Team

Contact center uses an FCR improvement team to reduce repeat calls and implement SOPs.

A team of people

Why is First Contact Resolution Important?

Traditional operational metrics (service levels, speed of answer, talk time, etc.) are not as effective as FCR for measuring both the effectiveness of the contact center’s customer service and the efficiency of the contact center’s operating costs for servicing customers.

FCR is a silver bullet metric for measuring contact center quality and cost performance. FCR is extremely effective at measuring and identifying the areas to improve both service and cost and as such, is the main reason why FCR matters the most for measuring a contact center’s customer service and cost performance.

FCR is a gateway metric to improving customer satisfaction (Csat) and employee satisfaction (Esat) performance, lowering operating costs, retaining customers, and for earning the right to sell. It is a leading indicator to improving customer journey metrics (e.g., customer satisfaction.) as well as business outcome metrics (e.g., Net Promotor Score®, Net Retention Index, etc.).


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How Do You Calculate First Contact Resolution? - A Formula

People using different methods to reach a contact center

Challenges of Improving First Contact Resolution

While first contact resolution is one of the most important metrics for contact centers to measure, there are some challenges associated with doing so. They are as follows:

  • Many contact centers have competing strategic objectives to improving FCR. They might say that they are trying to improve FCR, but their practices tend to reflect competing short-term objectives like cost-reduction, or sales as a primary focus. You can improve both costs and sales through improved FCR, but the inverse cannot be said.
  • Managers tend to use ‘Inside-Out’  instead of ‘Outside-In’ CX operating practices. Perhaps more alarming is that many contact center leaders believe their operating practices to be aligned to outside-in CX practices, when really, they are more inside-out. In fact, SQM finds only 25% of organizations are using Outside-In CX operating practices. It is paramount that organizations that use the Inside-Out practice, at a minimum, gather annual customer feedback from a credible third party CX research firm. The Outside-In CX operating practice requires the organization to be customer-centric. Organizations using this approach incorporate customer feedback into all aspects of their operating practices. With the Outside-In CX operating practice, the customer defines CX and KPIs, like first contact resolution.
  • One of the major challenges with tracking FCR is that it does not account for previous channels used for contact. To understand a customer’s previous channel usage, a contact center needs to understand its one contact resolution (OCR).
  • There can be a disconnect between internal FCR and external FCR due to customers not calling back or using other channels to resolve their inquiry or problem. In fact, SQM’s research shows that contact centers measuring FCR using only internal measurement methods, such as repeat call tracking technology, tend to overinflate their results by 10%-20%. A robust FCR measurement program that combines the benefits of internal measurement methods with an effective voice of the customer (VoC) driven external measurement is the industry best practice.

First Contact Resolution Statistics

 First Contact Resolution Statistics

Benefits of Improving First Contact Resolution

1 Bullet PointReduced Operating Costs

For every 1% improvement in FCR you reduce your operating cost by 1%.

2 Bullet PointImprove Customer Satisfaction (Csat)

For every 1% improvement in FCR there is a 1% improvement in Customer Satisfaction.

3 Bullet PointImprove Employee Satisfaction (Esat)

For every 1% improvement in FCR there can be a 1% to 5% improvement in Employee Satisfaction.

4 Bullet PointIncrease Opportunities to Sell

When a customer’s call is resolved the customer cross-selling acceptance rate increases up to 20%.

5 Bullet PointReduce Customers at Risk

98% of customers will continue to do business with the organization as a result of achieving FCR.

6 Bullet PointCreate More High Performing CSRs

The top CSRs for FCR cost per call resolution is 35% lower than the bottom CSRs for FCR

The Bottom Line

First Contact Resolution is one of the most important metrics for contact centers to be tracking. There is no other contact center metric that can influence the important outcomes of reducing operational costs, preventing customer defections, improving customer and employee satisfaction, increasing opportunities to sell, and creating more high performing CSRs. While the path to FCR improvement is certainly worth the effort, it is not without its challenges. Overcoming FCR improvement challenges starts with a strong outside-in leadership philosophy that is not compromised for competing objectives, and a good understanding of the limitations of the FCR metric and how best to measure it with an external VoC partner. Finally, following SQM’s 17 Best Practices has lead to the greatest success for contact centers achieving the world-class designation of achieving an FCR rating of 80% or higher in using an external VoC measurement methodology. By doing so, companies can effectively measure and identify areas for improvement in both service and cost.

Learn more about how SQM can help you improve your First Contact Resolution with our Customer, Employee, and Multi-Channel Experience Studies.


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About The Author

If you liked this article, you can learn more about the author Mike Desmarais, MBA, and SQM Group.